KING PARROT IN RAJA AMPAT

Kakaktua raja

 

Palm cockatoo (Probosciger aterrimus) or Black Cockatoo is one type of parrot Indonesia. In contrast to other types of parrots, cockatoos king has black fur and black crested. The size is very large, up to 60 cm, making it the largest cockatoo species in Indonesia.

In some areas King Parrot are called by different names. Local names include alkai (Aru), awehie (Membramo), Kasmalas (Papua west-northwest), Mampais (Doreh), Sangya (Sorong), and Siong (I wish). Whereas in English parrots is named Palm Cockatoo, Cape York Cockatoo, Great Palm Cockatoo, Black Macaw, Great Black Cockatoo, or Goliath Cockatoo.

The Latin name of the family Cacatuidae animals are Probosciger aterrimus (Gmelin, 1788), the name synonymous Probosciger aterrinus (Gmelin, 1788). There are four subspecies of cockatoo king is P.A. aterrimus, P.A. goliath, P.A. stenolophus, and P.A. macgillivrayi.

Description and characteristics of King Parrot

By dimension King cockatoo has body length of 51-64 cm. Black body feathers, colored crested black, and red cheeks. This crested is enforceable. Half the size of a very large and long (half smaller females) are colored black. The tongue is red with a black tip. The color of eye is black circles with dark brown. The legs are gray.

In addition to the black feathers, hallmark is the current king parrots fly, feather crest held high (standing). King parrot voice when calling such as the sound of loud screeches keeyaank !, eeyohn! or raah !. Also the sound of whistling uree uree uree yurrr rhythmically.

Living alone or in small groups of up to 5 birds membered. Bird Palm cockatoo (Probosciger aterrimus) are diurnal animals that are active during the day. The main meal is large grains and hard  in addition to eating fruit and leaf buds.

Habitat, Distribution, and Conservation

Cockatoo King is a native Indonesian bird, inhabiting almost the entire island of Papua. Also found in the Aru Islands, the island of Misool (Raja Ampat Islands) and several smaller islands. In addition, black parrots live also in Australia and Papua New Guinea.

King Parrot bird of habitat is in lowland tropical rain forest, deciduous forest, secondary forest, up to the edge of the forest area of up to an altitude of 1,300 meters above sea level.

Global population has not been established. But is expected to remain pretty much living in the wild. To subspecies Probosciger aterrimus macgillivrayi is estimated to have a stable population summed 3,000 adult’s tail). In Indonesia, Parrot King is one of the birds that are protected under Government Regulation No. 7 of 1999.

Raja Ampat Doberai Eco Resort is located on the Urai Island. Raja Ampat Doberai Eco Resort is seriously maintaining the diversity of plant species that grow in the hills and small forests around the resort area. Various species of birds that can be encountered in Raja Ampat Doberai Eco Resort include: parrot, herons, eagles, parakeets, bird of paradise, king parrots and others. Raja Ampat Doberai Eco Resort also invites local and foreign guests to do trekking around the resort area in order to see the diversity of bird species in Urai island. One policy Raja Ampat Doberai Eco Resort has concerning the conservation of the habitat for birds from extinction is to not cut down trees and maintain sustainability and purity with of the forest in Urai island.

OLD TRADITIONS WEDDING IN PAPUA, AS WELL AS IN RAJA AMPAT

tradisi pernikahan

 

SAMSOM or SASI TRADITION, PERIOD Of NO FISHING In RAJA AMPAT and PAPUA IN GENERAL

 

Raja Ampat, is a very popular name for National and International tourists now days. Raja Ampat is so alluring to the extent it is able to steal the attention of many people. Paradise of marine tourism, especially for divers is a nickname for Raja Ampat.

We need to know in addition to the beauty of the natural marine life in Raja Ampat. Raja Ampat has a tradition for generations carried out by tribes living in the Raja Ampat Islands. This tradition can be said a major impact on the aquatic ecosystem in Raja Ampat.

Matbat tribes are tribes in Raja Ampat Islands that can be encountered in Kampung Magey, Lenmalas village, Kampung Salafen, Atkari village, Kampung Folley, Tomolol village, Kampung Kapatcool and Kampung Aduwei. Besides Tribe Matbat we also can find other tribes.

In Salawati island for example, there are Moi Tribe (Moi-Maya), Fiat Tribe, Tepin Tribe, Waili Tribe, Domu Tribe, and Butlih Tribe. In Waigeo Island there are Laganyan, Waiyai Tribe, Kawe Tribe, Ambel Tribe, Biak Tribe, and other tribes such as the Bugis and Buton.

They are tribes who live in Raja Ampat Islands making a deal to preserve the marine environment. In modern world now-days, environmental issues become official conversation and a serious problem for the world. But tribes in Raja Ampat have been reacting from long time ago. Because nature blesses them then they should also take care her.

There is a sort of an agreement in the form of local customs was known by the term Sasi or Samsom. Literally Samsom in Matbat Tribe language means a ban. Samsom tradition is a joint rule that prohibits people in one region within a particular time to do fishing. Samsom ritual held once a year during the period of six to seven months. This Samsom ritual led by community leaders called Mirinyo.

Implementation of ceremonies at the start when a Mirinyo chant addressed to the marine guard. Matbat tribes believe that the marine guard that gives fertility to the sea creatures so that the result will be abundant

Mantras recited at sunrise, Mirinyo standing in front of the village and overlooks the ocean and then stick the sign ban called Gasamsom. Signs prohibiting such as stem with leaves of laurel in the barbershop. Branches and branches left intact to hang Sababete offerings such as cigarettes, betel nut, tobacco, and strip2 red colored cloth. Mirinyo also plug two Gasamsom at the ends of the village and all of them overlooking the sea.

While that prohibition applies and any natives or immigrants forbidden to take marine products until Sasi or Samsom completed. And what happens for some one who breaks the rules? Before he was awarded a penalty in the form of whip and stocks, but now replaced by social jobs which are beneficial for society.

In the tradition of Samsom, they don’t need supervision done by official government, since this is the responsibility of all citizens. Any citizens who see the violation shall report to the indigenous leaders.

They believe when the time comes, will be marked by natural changes like the wind is no longer blowing hard, and then Samsom declared opened or finished. The timing of the end of Samson is in the morning before sunrise and all citizens facing the sea.

Custom head called the king, utters mantras to the guards, the sea dwellers, as well as deceased ancestors. The mantras contains express gratitude for protection during Samsom, thanks for fertility, as well as a request that the residents of the village not affected as long as they only collect seafood. Then Mirinyo blow Skin Triton (a type of clam shells) out loud as a sign Samsom period has ended.

On the first day of the opening Samsom residents who are still healthy and strong, men, women, children descend to the sea, they take the results of such marine shellfish, fish, and other marine creatures. In taking sea creatures, they also have rules like in the first day they are not allowed to take more than the limit specified waters of the coast. On the second day residents can take seafood in the next zone, which is a bit far from the coast. And on the third day, the citizens should take the results of the sea in distant waters.

Matbat tribe is very concerned with the preservation of the marine environment, in fact their main livelihood is farming and look for sago. Samsom tradition can be explained that Matbat Tribe has long-term outlook for uncertain climate change. For that they should be able to live in two worlds, as farmers and sailors as well.

It is a magical islands where the tribes are able to absorb modern knowledge systems, and at the same time also able to maintain a fast local customs or traditions. That’s where changes occur without having to leave their identity.

This traditional nature conservation system, called Sasi or Samsom, has contributed greatly to the preservation of nature in coral triangle at the heart of the wealth of the world’s reefs in Raja Ampat. With this tradition the existence of populations of marine life can be maintained and preserved. Local culture and knowledge of small villages in Raja Ampat Islands is worthwhile to be preserved.

UPHOLDING PARTY TOGETHER In BIAK TRIBE, PAPUA

Tribe Matbay with nature conservation system brings the preservation of marine environment. Now Biak Tribe brings a tradition for generations inherited from their ancestors, by pouring in every motion of their life in a song and feast.

Biak tribal believes that the center of life is party and song they call it Munara or Wor Biak. If some one is invited to take part in the festivities, dancing, and singing, he should come. The presence of an invitee in a Wor shows concern for others, strengthens unity, and also to feel what others feel.

The party is divided into two parts, Wor Sraw which means a small party, and Munara or Wor Veyeren means a big party. Munara or Wor word implies a party. There are 18 small party or Wor Sraw in Biak Tribe and 11 great party Munara or Wor Veyeren.

“Munara Isha vave Oser er mnu kako”. The spirit of togetherness, compassion, and a sense of belonging to the village shows that the estuary or Wor Biak is a way or a local wisdom Biak Tribe to answer all the obstacles in life.

That is why people believe Biak acts upon Wor ceremony will bring fortune and a blessing for the family and the surrounding community. If the system does not live the life and activity of Biak be paralyzed.

SEVEN CLAN IN TOMU VILLAGE, SEBYAR TRIBE, PAPUA

A small village stands on the edge of creeks Gonggo, that is Tomu village, one of the tribes living in the area of Sebyar Bintuni. The village is located in the northern part of the District of Aranday, Manokwari District. To reach the village one must take a boat in about 30 minutes.

According to the story from Sebyar Tribe, there is Mount Prophet, a sacred mountain. One day there was a flood spreading massively to their ??forest and swamp. Every body fled by using bamboo raft to find a new place. In their search, the ancestor of Sebyar Tribe from Kosepa Clan met Nawarisa Clan who invited them to open new fields. This is the meaning of Tomu village, which is a meeting place.

There are about seven clan or tribe who live in the village Sebyar Tomu, namely Kosepa, Kaitam, Efum, Gegetu, Nawarisa, Henna, and Kinder. Seven clans are included in the sub-tribe Dambad. While there are 18 clans of Kembran Tribe they are: Tabyar, Urbon, Prophet, Iribaram, Bauw. Each clan has and recognizes their respective Land Rights.

If somebody is not the owner of the land, and taking sago in it, he shall notify the owner of the clan. If not he will be in customary law. However, there remains the woods along that can be used by the entire clan.

In Tomu each clan works together while taking sago, ceremonies, as well as taking care of the dead and make fishing groups and cooperatives. Likewise, when one of the family members who will be first requests a wedding, this cooperation will be more visible.

 

TREE HOUSE, AND THE FEAST Of THE HOLY FIRE SAGO WORM. KOMBAY TRIBE – KOROWAY, PAPUA

Kombay Tribe inhabits jungle of Papua in the area Citak Mitak, Mappi which is the border Yahukimo, Jaya Wijaya District, and the District Digoel.

Both Tribes are touted as the last in the stone age tribes that still exist in the world. But it does not mean that the tribe Kombay-Koroway doesn’t interact with the outside world. Many of them have built new settlements in Yaniruma, on the banks of the River Becking, Mu and Basma. There are also living in Mabul, riverside Eiladen and Khaiflambolup.

The Tribe still lives in the jungle. This now becomes a destination for tourists who want to learn to live being one with nature. Small township Kombay – Koroway is not like Kampung. The Tribe, Dania is known as Asmat. They built a unique tree house with a height of 10-30 meters from the ground.

The reason they build tree houses is to avoid from the beast, and also attacks from other tribes formerly. This house was built with an array of wood with rattan ties, and walls with bamboo slats also bark. And the roof of their house using sago leaves. To climb there is ladder straight up right made from logs.

At any given time the community gathers for a party named caterpillar Sago party. This feast serves to tie their brotherhood. This festival also serves to know the family tree and their off spring. Party is done in a long house. In this house they utter gratitude to God they believe that is Refaru God.

The party is conducted for every 5 – 10 years and last overnight. This party is an important event for the Tribe Kombay-Koroway. The party begins by toppling Sago trees. Then smeared with lard and bird on a tree root. While working they are singing and reciting mantras.

After approximately six weeks later it is the time to harvest. Sago worms as big as thumb is collected and taken home, sago wrapped in leaves and tied with rattan. At home sago are wrapped and tied to the center pole that stood in the middle of the party room.

It is no less important in the sago party is the sacrificial fire. The fire is ignited by a man of the family feast. This person is called “fire guard” since it was first turned on the fire and should not be extinguished. Fire is placed in the furnace in the house long, its position right next to the center pole. Only the keeper of the flame to be entered into, the success of Sago Worm Party lies in this important person.

When attending a party-koroway kombay decorate themselves with various accessories, necklaces, earrings made of animal feeding stuffs. After eating sago together, they also make food from sago for their pork, tubers and other plants that become the food of the kombay-koroway tribe. The party was held in order to guarantee survival rate. Far from disruption and disaster, in addition as a momentum returns the spirit of life.

For every tribe in Papua, land is always related to the environment in which they live. They set the time, area, and how the natural process set out in their customary governance. In addition, they also see the interaction among groups and people outside the group. Not only in a ceremony, but in daily life. Those who embrace and uphold the teachings of the ancestors believe fully that the universe needs to be maintained. As a gift and a trustee of the creator. In the end the prevailing culture system formed Papuans’ identity

TRADITIONAL CLOTHES AND ARTS IN RAJA AMPAT

pakaian tradisional

 

Raja Ampat cultural and arts in the field of handicrafts is significantly diverse. We can recognize the characteristic of native handicrafts of Raja Ampat from the color and motif. Common color used is the mixture of colors with high contrast such as dark red, dark yellow, light green and light blue. Ornaments motif that is often used in sculpture, carving and batik Raja Ampat is a special motif typical of Papua.

Of the various types of handicrafts in Raja Ampat, there are two types of craft that is in demand by both foreign and local tourists, namely:

  • Woven Hats typical from Arborek Village

This hat is made of a woven material. This rounded hat and often used by women to protect the face and body from sunlight during a trip to the beach. Making this hat is originally spearheaded by an old indigenous person from Arborek island. The hat now becomes a typical hat from Raja Ampat and becomes handicrafts from Raja Ampat produced in groups by mothers in Arborek Island.

  • Batik Papua.

Other crafts are much in demand by tourists who come to Raja Ampat is Batik Papua. In contrast with batik motifs and colors from java that often use natural colors and dark, batik Papua highly desirable because it uses motifs and bright colors typical of the coast. Batik with bright colors is highly recommended to use when you travel on the beach because it will add to the local ethnic element in your holiday photos.

In addition to the two above-mentioned types of craft, Raja Ampat Regency Government is now in full swing promoting other peoples handicrafts from Raja Ampat archipelago as one tourist attraction in Raja Ampat. Other types of handicrafts produced by the inhabitants of Raja Ampat are sculpture and craft accessories made from precious stones, roots and metals.

 TRADITIONAL ART

Raja Ampat as part of the province of West Papua on the island of Papua, it is rich of variety of cultural arts and music, dance and crafts typical of Papua are very exotic. Each tribe scattered in the Raja Ampat islands generally has a dance and traditionally practices themselves. General characteristics of the dance and music of Raja Ampat is a dance movement that generally shown with a vibrant and accompanied by percussion instruments typical Papua named Tifa, gong (mambokon) and drums (bakulu).

In addition to percussion instruments, stringed instruments such as guitars and wind instruments such as flutes and wind instruments of sea shells are also often used to accompany the dance. Some examples of dances that are often displayed in various ceremonies and reception are the Wor dance, Main Moun, Batpo Dance, dance and art Flute Tambour Yako.

Female dancer costumes used in a variety of typical dances from Raja Ampat usually use a mix of bright colors with high contrast such as red, dark yellow, light green and light blue. As for the male dancer costume generally is shirtless at the top and to cover the waist down normally use Papua typical costume that live in costal area is clothing from coir materials (fibers), woven coconut leaves or feathers and animal skins depending on the type of dance sung.

There are also men who perform using typical genitalia cover called koteka. Papua male and female dancers will perform complete with accessories and makeup distinctive and exotic that can only be encountered in the traditional art of the island of Papua.

Typical songs of Raja Ampat, Papua generally rhythmic carefree but like to have some kind of allure that washed away when we enjoy it. Generally, the songs sung with a mix of Papua vocals sound more than one person. It is wonderful to enjoy a sing is typical of Papua on the beach while relaxing or to accompany your trip in Raja Ampat.

KOTEKA

Koteka is clothing to cover male genitalia in the culture of the majority indigenous population of New Guinea. Penis sheath made of leather gourds, Lagenaria siceraria. Content and old pumpkin seeds removed and dried skin.

Literally, this word means “clothing”, derived from the language of one of the tribes in Paniai. Most tribes call Holim Jayawijaya mountains or Horim. Not as common assumption, the size and shape of the penis sheath is not related to the status of the wearer. The size is usually related to user activity, going to work or ceremony. Many tribes there may be identified by the way they use the penis sheath. Short penis sheath used at work, and the length of the ornaments used in traditional ceremonies.

However, each tribe has a different form of penis sheath. Yali people, for example, like the shape of a pumpkin that long. While the Tiom usually wear two pumpkins. Over time, more and less popular penis sheath worn everyday. Koteka is prohibited to be worn in public transport and schools. If anything, penis sheath only for sale as souvenirs. In mountainous regions, such as Wamena, penis sheath is used. To take pictures with the wearer, tourists should spend several hundred thousand dollars.

PRESERVING EXOTICISM OF RAJA AMPAT ARCHIPELAGO

beach

 

Raja Ampat Doberai Eco Resort is very concerned with the preservation of the Raja Ampat area within the scope of the overall ecosystem. Raja Ampat Doberai Eco Resort and we all of course do not want Raja Ampat to suffer the same fate just like other tourist destinations in Indonesia, where there are damages to forests, coral reefs and also socially negative changes of the social and cultural life of the community.

When we heard the name of Raja Ampat, the imagination of every person will wander into an archipelago in West Papua which is famous for its natural beauty. Raja Ampat is now well-known among tourists, both foreign and domestic. Especially for those who have a hobby of diving (diving). Raja Ampat is like a paradise for divers.

What makes Raja Ampat Islands are so attracted for tourists, so they do not care about the costs that they should spend to enjoy the exotic nature? Natural exoticism of Raja Ampat archipelago

according to various sources is known as one of the 10 best waters for diving sites around the world. In fact, it may also be recognized as number one for the completeness of underwater flora and fauna at this time. Very many oceanographers say that, Raja Ampat archipelago located in the westernmost tip of the island of Papua, about 50 miles northwest of Sorong, having the best coral regions in Indonesia. Approximately 450 species of coral had been identified during the two weeks of research in that area.

Enjoy the exoticism of the Raja Ampat Islands from height is an experience that is hard to describe with words. A carpet of green and clear with dozens or even are small coral islands scattered. There is an indescribable peace by simply looking at the expanse of it and enjoy the sea air is far from air pollution. Words that may be appropriate in describing the feeling is ‘biofilia’.

The term biofilia was first introduced by a naturalist named EO Wilson. By this biofilia Wilson defined as an innate human relations to other living organisms. According to him, our relationship with nature is rooted strongly with human evolutionary past. And it is embedded in our genes. That’s why every year more and more people are visiting the zoo than attending the game all sporting events combined.

Raja Ampat archipelago itself is located in Raja Ampat is one of the districts in West Papua carved out of Sorong regency since 2003. There are approximately 610 islands in this region, although only about 35 islands are inhabited. Among these are the four main islands in the district, namely, Waigeo, Batanta, Salawati and Misool. The population census last known about 42 508 inhabitants in the area of ??46 296 km2.

As an archipelago with 85% area is an ocean, Raja Ampat has many peculiarities, which is the main attraction for this area. The surrounding sea is the heart of the Coral Triangle region that is recognized worldwide as a center of coral reef biodiversity. Raja Ampat Islands are home to more than 75% of coral species in the world. A total of 537 species of hard coral have been identified in the Ecological Study Brief (Rapid Ecological Assessment / REA) by TNC in 2002.

Raja Ampat is also the richest region in the world for a number of reef fish fauna reach at least 1427 species. The number indicates the highest number of marine biodiversity compared to other regions in the same area in the world. Currently, the number of species has increased to 553 hard coral species and 1470 the number of reef fish fauna. In Raja Ampat, the scientists also find more fish than the area of ??the same size in other areas in the world-some kind of even only found in Raja Ampat.

There are several areas of the reefs are still very good condition with the percentage of live coral cover up to 90%, which is in the Dampier Strait (the strait between Waigeo P. and P. Batanta), Kofiau Islands, Misool Islands-South East and Wayag Islands. Types of coral reefs in Raja Ampat generally is fringing reef with ramps up the steep contours. But found also the type of atoll and the type of charred or taka. In some places such as the village Saondarek, when the lowest tides, coral reefs can be seen without a dive and with his own adaptation, corals can still be alive despite being in the open air and exposed to direct sunlight.

Unique species that can be found at the time of diving is some kind of dwarf seahorse, wobbegongs, manta rays and fish. Also there is a fish endemic to Raja Ampat, namely Eviota king, which is a kind of fish gobbie. At Manta Point located in Arborek Dampier Strait, we can dive in the company of some tail Manta Ray benign like when we dive in Derawan Islands, East Kalimantan. If diving in Cape Kri or Chicken Reef, you can be surrounded by thousands of fish

Sometimes a collection of tuna, giant trevallies and snappers. But stressful if we are surrounded by a collection of barracuda, even though it is relatively harmless (dangerous if we see barracuda solitary or alone). Reef sharks are also frequently seen, and if you are lucky you can also see the turtles were quietly eating sponge or swim around you. In some places, such as in Salawati, Batanta and Waigeo also seen dugong or sea cow.

Because the area of ??many islands and narrow straits, then most of the dive at a particular time has a strong current. It is also possible to do a drift dive, dive followed by a strong current of water is very clear as it broke through a collection of fish (Wikipedia).

This then makes the Raja Ampat Islands as “underwater paradise” with the beauty of diversity that is difficult to surpass by any place in this world.

Increasing number of tourists and Threat

Indication of the growing recognition of the Raja Ampat Islands as a marine tourism area which is worth a visit is reflected in the number of tourists visiting the past 4 years. According to data from the Department of Culture and Tourism Raja Ampat, if in 2008 the number of tourists is just around the 2000s of visitors, then in 2010 this number increased to 3,855 people. In 2012 this number increased to 6000’s of people. At the end of 2013 this number is expected to be much increased.

Increasing tourist numbers has resulted in an increase in tourism facilities, which also experienced a significant increase. From the beginning to now, number of resorts are seven resorts and five home stay in the tourist village. Same thing on the number of cruise ships, exclusive vehicle alternative to enjoy the beauty of Raja Ampat, increased from 12 ships to 36 ships in three years.

Tourists visiting Raja Ampat generally come from Europe, and only a small part of the country, so that the tariff charged to visitors usually in the Euro standards. In some places, with a very simple accommodation just a walled and thatch roofs typically cost a minimum of 75 euros, or Rp 900,000 a night. And had to spend 30 euros more, or about Rp 360 thousand to be one dive at a particular location.

For a hotel with international standards and equipped with modern facilities and the food was a bit of luxury usually cost 225 euros, or about Rp 2.7 million per night. Not only for lodging, tariffs for sea transport was quite expensive with prices ranging between $ 2 million – USD 5 million. Even to visit one of the farthest island rental costs and speed can reach USD 15 million. The high cost of transportation rental price is due to the price of fuel is also expensive because it is difficult to obtain in this place.

The growing recognition of the Raja Ampat Islands as a marine tourism area which is accompanied by increase in the number of tourists visiting though has become a blessing for residents and local government, but on the other hand leaves its own problems. If there is no visitor restrictions and rules been feared to potentially damaging existing ecosystems.

Local Government Raja Ampat actually has issued the decree No. 4 of 2011 on the Development of Recreational Diving Raja Ampat, and the decree No. 3 of 2011 on Business Registration Procedures for Tourism. Both of these rules is the reference management tourism business that will contribute to revenue and create a competitive investment climate in Raja Ampat. The regulation also discussed procedures for diving, diving conditions, diving safety rules, the circulation of tourist boats in Raja Ampat, environmental conservation, and sanctions for tour operators who violate.

However, the publication of these rules must always be guarded in terms of implementation.

An interesting view of the experts is submitted that the management of marine tourism in Raja Ampat need well designed and managed so as not to undermine the sustainability of marine natural resources in Raja Ampat. And vice versa, but it provides economic and ecological benefits are high for the government, society and the environment. It is believed that if the tour program in Raja Ampat is designed and managed well, then this program will not damage the marine natural resources in Raja Ampat, but instead will provide significant benefits for the region.

The fact that Raja Ampat regency until now there has been an indication Spatial determination of the tourist area of ??the current can be changed at any time. And this means that in the future the charm of Raja Ampat as a tourist area with abundant natural wealth and exotic might just be the historical record only.

Conservation Efforts

Other threats are also related to the marine ecosystem in Raja Ampat. Despite conservation efforts have been made, including by involving the local indigenous people, but exploration efforts extractive still sometimes do, for example, fishing with cyanide (potassium) and fishing in excess (over fishing). Infrastructure development as well as new areas potentially disrupt the continuity of existing ecosystems in the area.

Other environmental issues are increasingly reduced due to the exploitation of mangrove communities and land conversion of mangrove land into residential land, which is the case a lot going on in Waisai, Kabui, Arawai, Kalitoko, Waigama, Salafen, Kalatlap and a number of other places.

In the middle of the magnitude of the potential threats to ecosystems in Raja Ampat, hope for improvement and enhancement of the environment remain.

Many conservation activities that have made this region became the first district in Indonesia, which declared a CTF Network (Water Conservation Area). Conservation area is globally recognized as an effective tool in supporting sustainable fisheries, protect important marine habitats and ensure food security and livelihoods for local communities. Currently there are seven CTF in the network that covers more than 1 million acres of coastal and marine areas.

With this declaration CTF Network, local communities have now been using the data of ecological and socio-economic along with their local knowledge to prepare a zoning plan for every CTF. Traditional practices such as SASI are included into the zoning plan. Each of these plans will be included in a management plan CTF larger networks.

We certainly hope that the exoticism of the Raja Ampat Islands region can be maintained as it exists now. Interesting what the experts say that that welfare assessment should not only be seen in what is now, but it should also be sustainability. Welfare should be interpreted with a fixed environment is preserved around, which is not sacrificed just because of novelty.

TREKKING IN PIANEMO, RAJA AMPAT

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Raja Ampat is famous for its coral islands, one of which is Pianemo. This is where you can see the coral islands with various sizes available in a wide area. The water is clear blue and the scenery is amazing! Communities around Pianemo call it a ‘Small Wayag’. This is because the view from the top of the rocky cliffs, is like a group of islands in Wayag, but in a mini size.

From the capital of Raja Ampat, Waisai, trips to Pianemo can be reached within 2 hours away by speed boat. During the trip to Pianemo, it is like infinite endless blue ocean. Several times we could see silhouette green hilly island, virgin forests, and birds swooping fly doing fish hunt.

The hills above cliffs overgrown trees greeted us upon entering Pianemo. Small coral islands here are generally uninhabited. Cliffs that are still alive, continues to grow and the hills are getting higher every year, explained by our local people guide. There are three commonly used pathway hill tracks here. Hill about 15 meters altitude in Tanjung Bintang, Bald Hill which is about 30 meters, and the highest 40 meters.

Do not think there has been provided lane track for tourists. Wearing special shoes or boots of rubber tracks are closed will be very helpful and prevent injuries from slipping or scratched razor-sharp coral. Bring only the camera, or smartphone, and a bottle of water while climbing. Do not rush when climb and descend. The view from the summit of the hills is amazing.

From Mount Halak, a traveler will understand why Pianemo is called Small Wayag. The difference is, the group of coral islands in Wayag are larger and elongated. While in Pianemo, they are smaller coral islands and form a horizontal line.

From the top of the hill in Cape star, surrounded sea islands formed like stars. From the top of the hill-tops, colored coral turquoise lagoon base can still be seen. Highly recommended tracks start here since eight in the morning to prevent overheating. Then you can relax in the lodge guard Pianemo region. Among lush mangrove trees behind the cottage, there is a natural pond inhabited sardines. Storks did not hesitate to look for fish in front of the cottage. But prohibited fishing or take whatever it is!

Pianemo is included as protected areas. Before leaving Pianemo, the guide took us around the islands, sailing from lagoon to lagoon. Green calm water calling us to immediately jump into it. Some foreign tourists seem to enjoy snorkeling here. When the tour packages in Raja Ampat are spelled to be the most expensive in Indonesia, it is reasonable expenses incurred by tourists. Now how local government and communities in Raja Ampat can be effectively and transparently manage revenues from tourism, to maintain and preserve the natural resources on land and sea in order to remain sustainable, which means it will also bring prosperity. As a solo traveler, let us support and help the community and Raja Ampat in Papua to maintain and preserve its natural resources by not taking anything and do not leave any traces except memories in the form of photographs and memories.

Raja Ampat Doberai Eco Resort almost every month brings guests to Pianemo. Some tips to potential future guests of Raja Ampat Doberai Eco Resort who are interested to prove the beauty of Pianemo are: come by group between 4 – 6 person. This will reduce cost for speedboat transportation, since the cost can be shared. On the way to Pianemo, other destinations or activities could be done: stop by in Hidden Bay, and doing snorkeling in Melissa Garden are highly recommended. Raja Ampat Doberai Eco Resort welcomes future potential guests to enjoy the breathtaking view of Pianemo.