UNIQUE TRADITIONS IN PAPUA, INCLUDING RAJA AMPAT
- BAKAR BATU (FUEL STONES)
Tradition Bakar Batu – One of the oldest cultural traditions in Papua, fuel stones, can be regarded as a symbol of gratitude and fraternity. But in certain areas fuel stones usually performed in a ceremonial procession of death.
Tradition Bakar Batu (fuel stones) is a way to use by people in Papua, to cook several types of food (yam, cassava, Pig meat and vegetables) on a rock that has been heated. There is a certain technic and steps to heat the stones such as: setting up a hole to prepare firewood and stones, along with foods that will be cooked. Once the holes are dug, the stones that have been collected are arranged by size. Large stone are placed at the bottom, and at the top will be arranged firewood. The next layer of firewood will be coated again with smaller stones. Then combustion process is carried out to heat the stones. After the stone gets hot, then the food that has been prepared in such a way arranged above the stone. Then after all the foods are cooked, all the participant will eat together as a party or ceremony of something.
Tradition of fuel stones has some title or name that is different for each region, but usually known as Barapen.
- CUT FINGER
There are many ways to show a sense of sorrow when one member of family pass away. However, for Dani tribe, inhabiting the Baliem Valley in Papua, sadness and grief are manifested by cutting a finger, if there is a family member such as a husband or wife, father, mother, son and brother pass away. That must done tradition, according to them, is a symbol of the very deep sadness of having lost of one member in the family. Further more, cutting finger anyway is meant to prevent re-catastrophe that caused death in the family.
Technically tradition of cutting a finger is done with a variety of ways, ranging from the use of sharp objects such as knives, axes, or machetes. Another way is by biting her knuckles to break up, tied with a rope so that the blood flow stops and knuckles be dead then newly made cutting a finger.
- TRADITION ARAREM, BIAK TRIBE.
Another unique tradition in Papua is Ararem, the procession of bringing dowry by Biak tribe. In this procession, dowry will be delivered on foot, accompanied by singing and dancing. Interestingly, the tradition Ararem is done by carrying and waving red and white flag, the country flag. There are no references that can explain why in this tradition flag is used. The uniqueness of tribal traditions in Papua by Biak in bringing dowry with pageantry, and carry the flag of the country, most likely the only one in Indonesia and is not done by other tribes outside Papua.
- TRADITION TATOOS
During this time people just think that the tattoo tradition in Indonesia, is only done by the Dayaks in Kalimantan. But in Papua, there is apparently a body tattooing tradition, which has been running for generations. Some tribes are usually adorning their body with tattoos are Moi and Meyakh tribe in West Papua.
Tattoo motifs affixed to the body of the tribes in Papua have different and specific characteristics. These tattoos usually have geometric patterns or stripes and dots circular triangular cone, or tridiagonal are aligned.
Tools and materials used in the making of tattoo in Papua also has a unique, including the use of thorn trees sago or fish bones, and soak the ink into a mixture of fine charcoal and olive tree sap. Generally tattoo done on the chest, cheeks, eyelids, calves, hips, back, and also in parts of the hand.
Raja Ampat Doberai Eco Resort comes across with many Raja Ampat people who originated from those regions above, and still practicing the traditions in Raja Ampat. Raja Ampat Doberai Eco Resort often times brought guests to the community who performed the tradition as a unique attractions.