TRIBES IN RAJA AMPAT, PAPUA.
Cultural communities can be classified based on the Raja Ampat islands spread across large and small islands around it. The classification is as follows:
Waigeo and surrounding islands inhabited by several tribes or sub-tribes are grouped into indigenous tribes and tribal settlers.
1. Tribe Wawiyai (Wauyai)
Wawiyai ethnic group is a group of tribes who inhabit the region north bay Kabui in South Waigeo. In the survey it is found that these tribe inhabits only one village namely Kampung Wawiyai. However, Wawiyai ethnic groups who has direct lineage with the history of Wawiyai inhabits island Friwen, called the Wawiyai Man mon.
2. Tribe Kawe
Kawe ethnic group is a group of natives who inhabit the region Waigeo west island Waigeo. The ethnic groups living in Kampung Salio, Selpele, Waisilip, and Bianci. Kampung Selpele and Salio still the dominant area with Kawe rate while Bianci and Waisilip already a heterogeneous villages and population, while Kawe is very little.
3. Tribe Laganyan
Laganyan ethnic groups is a native of the island Waigeo who inhabit three villages around the Gulf Mayalibit, namely Kampung Araway, Lopintol and BeO.
4. Tribe Ambel (-Waren)
Waigeo Island area is for customary tribal region of Ambel located in the east to the north and the north coast of the Gulf Mayalibit Waigeo Island. Villages, which are residential area of many tribes are Kabilol, Go, Waifoi, Wairemak, Kalitoko, and Warsamdin (in the Gulf Mayalibit), Kabare and Kapadiri (in North Waigeo). Residents in the village at the mouth of the Gulf Warsamdin Mayalibit and Kampung Kabaré in North Waigeo has been mixed with a population of Biak tribe.
5. Tribe Biak
Biak tribal population is a population that migrated to Raja Ampat Islands and Noemfoor of Biak Island in the Gulf of Paradise (Gulf Geelvink), east of the Raja Ampat Islands. They migrated in some period of time in the history, starting from hongi shipping and payment of tribute to the Sultan of Tidore / Ternate.
Migration is expected to occur in the latter years of the end of the Dutch government (circa 1950s). Biak tribal population in general inhabit coastal areas and islands in Waigeo, ie all Ayau Islands (Kampung Dorekar, Yenkawir, Meosbekwan, Rutum and Reni), North Waigeo (Kampung Rauki, Bonsayor, Kabare, Andei, Asukweri, Boni, Warwanai , and Mnier), East Waigeo (Kampung Puper, Yenbekaki, Urbinasopen, Yensner), South Waigeo (Kampung Saonek, Saporkren, Yenbeser, Yenwaupnor, Sawingrai, Kapiksawar, Yenbuba, Yenbekwan, Sawandarek, Kurkapa, Arborek, Kabui).
In the region of West Waigeo, Biak tribal population inhabit villages like, Bianci, Mutus, Meos Manggara, Manyaifun, Safkabu and Fam in Kep. Fam. Also, Biak tribe spread to Gag Island. Biak tribal group is further divided into several sub-tribes, the Biak Beteu (Beser), Biak Wardo and Biak USBA.
1. Other Tribes
Other ethnic groups that historically have a relationship with Raja Ampat is a tribal group Tidore, Ternate, Seram and other tribes in Kep. Maluku. There is a group that migrated later, they are Bugis and Buton.
2. Tribe Batanta
These ethnic groups are thought to be a native of the island of Batanta. Batanta tribes inhabit the southern region, namely Kampung Wailebet Batanta Island and located in the Strait Yenanas Sagawin side by side to Salawati island.
3. Tribe Biak
The majority of the population in the north to the east of the island of Batanta is Biak tribe. The population of almost all the villages in this region use Biak language. Villages are Yensawai, Arefi, Amdui and partly Yenanas. Biak tribal groups in this Batanta called Biak Kafdaron. Historically, the Biak Kafdaron is a group that migrated to the island Batanta follow a trail ride legend Koreri (Mansar Manarmaker) from Biak Island to the west.
4. Other tribes
Other ethnic groups who live on the island of Batanta derived from the big island of New Guinea and the Moluccas, but the population is not much unless they are working on snails company and government officials.
1. Tribe Tepin
Tepin is the indigenous tribe who inhabits the north coast of Salawati. They inhabit the village Kalyam and Solol in Sagawin Strait. The language used is called Tepin language.
2. Parts Fiat, Domu, Waili and Butlih
There are indigenous tribal small group in Salawati, which inhabit the area of Samate, Kapatlap, Kalobo and Sakabu. The language used is the language Tepin with dialect variations in each tribe. Nonetheless, every tribe call their language according to their tribal name
3. Tribe Moi (Moi-Maya)
Moi tribal groups, often referred to as Maya or Moi Moi, inhabiting beach east Salawati predicted to migrate from the great plains west Bird’s Head, which is a tribal region Moi. It is very likely due to the eastern region Salawati is dealing directly with the plains of the Bird’s Head and is limited only by the Strait of Sele. The language used is the language Moi.
4. Other tribes
Other ethnic groups inhabiting Salawati are tribes such as ethnic immigrants Biak, Java, Ternate, Tidore, Tobelo, Seram, Bugis and Buton. They are scattered in villages in Salawati like Kalyam, Solol, Samate, Kapatlap, Kalobo and Sakabu.
1. Tribe Matbat
Matbat are an indigenous tribe in Misool Island, which was originally inhabited the mountainous area. They are expected to go down and make settlements in coastal areas during the reign of the Netherlands (1940-1950). Their livelihood is farming and gathering sago. But now there has been a shift in livelihood. They started to become fishermen although not as the main livelihood. Matbat ethnic groups can be found in the village of Salafen, Atkari, Lenmalas, Folley, Tomolol, Kapatcool, Aduwei, and Magey.
2. Tribe Misool
Misool ethnic group is a group of tribes who migrated to Misool Island about 100 years ago and is an ethnic group that has experienced ethnic mix so long to form an ethnic community with its own identity.
The group is thought to originate from Waigeo Island, which by some experts called by both the group and the Mayan language, but they also have experience with a mixture of ethnic groups such as the Maluku Islands Seram, Tobelo, Tidore and Ternate. It can be seen from the physical form of this tribal population, and also of the history of the tribe of Misool own. Matbat people call people from the tribe as Mat Lou Misool, which means ‘the beach’.
The language used is called the language of Misool. Villages in Misool island are Waigama, Lilinta, Fafanlap, Gamta, Yellu, Harapan Jaya, Jaya Enterprises. In general settlement Misool rate slightly greater than Matbat tribal villages and the population is also slightly more than the population of the township Matbat tribe.
3. Tribe Biga
Biga tribe is a group of tribes from Waigeo who migrated to Misool Island. These ethnic groups inhabit the village of Biga on the banks of the Biga, which means ‘place of sago’.
4. Tribe Biak
Biak tribe who inhabit several villages on the island of Biak Misool is the rate of sub-tribe of Biak Beteu (Beser). They inhabit the village of Rat Island, Solal, Wejim and Satukurano.
5. Other tribes
Other tribes who inhabit the islands of Misool are migrants from Seram, Tobelo, Ternate and Tidore. In addition, newcomers on the island is a resident of Buton, Bugis, Ambon, Java, and others.
Kofiau District which consists of several islands are generally inhabited by residents of Biak tribe, sub tribe Biak Beteu (Beser). These tribes inhabit the village of Deer, Dibalal and Tolobi.